Lidocaine cream is a topical anesthetic which is used to control pain on the skin by preventing nerves from transmitting signals of pain to the brain.
With no signal from the nerve cell, the brain assumes everything is functioning normal, and no inflammatory response ensues.
It may be absorbed following topical administration to various cavities in the human body. Its extent and rate of absorption depend upon the duration of exposure, the specific site of application, total dosage, and concentration.
This medicine was discovered in 1946 and went on sale in the United States in 1948. It is on the WHO’s List of Essential Medicines, that is a list of the safest and most effective medicines required in a modern health system.
This medication is used to treat minor scrapes, burns, and insect bites as well as sunburn. It is also used to treat and to prevent pain from some medical procedures. Moreover, this ointment can be used to treat rectal pain caused by hemorrhoids (swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum). The onset of action is about 5 minutes.
Use this cream precisely as it has been prescribed by your healthcare professional or as directed on the label. Do not apply it in larger amounts than recommended.
For children, the dose must be determined by your healthcare professional and is based on body weight. For adults, the largest amount of ointment which should be used in a single application is 5 grams. For instance, if you use the 5 percent ointment, this is about six inches of ointment from the tube.
Side Effects And Dangers Of Lidocaine Cream
Frequent side effects of this ointment include:
- altered temperature sensation;
- edema (the abnormal accumulation of fluid);
- application site redness.
- problems swallowing or breathing;
- tightness in the chest;
- swelling of the lips, eyelids, face, sex organs, tongue, feet, legs, or hands;
- noisy breathing;
- joint stiffness, pain, or swelling;
- hoarseness (voice may sound raspy, breathy, strained);
- itching, hives, or skin rash;
- fast heartbeat;
- cracked or scaly skin;
- crusting, blistering, itching, irritation, or reddening of the skin.
Precautions And Warnings
After applying this ointment to the skin of your child, you should watch the child carefully to make sure that she or he does not get any of the cream in the mouth or eyes.
Avoid getting the product in nose, eyes, or ears. If it does get in the eyes, it is recommended to wash the eyes with water for at least twenty minutes and check with your healthcare professional right away.
Because the skin temperature increases, the amount of medicine reaching the bloodstream is unpredictable, therefore, don’t apply heat from a heating pad to skin area where you applied this cream. Also, the risk of serious side effects increases considerably with greater amounts of the medicine in the blood.
It is not known precisely whether this medicine is excreted in human milk. Hence, if you are breastfeeding a baby, exercise extra when you use this cream topically.
This medicine is contraindicated in sufferers with a known history of hypersensitivity to local anesthetics of the amide type (which also include bupivacaine and ropivacaine) or to other components that are found in this cream.
Since the amount of medicine which passes through the skin is bigger, it increases the risk of life-threatening side effects if you use this ointment over your incision that is not completely healed. This typically takes about one week after your port is placed.
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