Dymista vs Nasonex - Uses, Side Effects, DIfferences

Dymista

It is the brand name of a nasal spray that contains a combination of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate.

Fluticasone propionate belongs to a group of drugs called corticosteroids that are used to help reduce inflammation.

Azelastine is an antihistamine which reduces the effects of histamine in the human body. Histamine is a substance produced by the human body when it reacts to a foreign substance, like – pet fur or pollen. It can cause symptoms of itching, sneezing, runny nose, and watery eyes.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration first approved this nasal spray in 2012. It is made by Meda Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Uses

This prescription medication is typically used for treating seasonal nasal allergy symptoms in adults and children as young as 12 years old. It can also prevent hay fever symptoms from taking hold when used regularly.

Dosage

It is designed to be used two times per day. For the majority of patients, relief of allergy symptoms occurs within 30 to 45 minutes after use.

When you use this nasal spray for the first time, you need to prime the spray. To do this, you just need to press down thoroughly on the top of the pump 6 times. You must also prime this nasal spray if it has not been used for two weeks or more.

Side Effects And Contraindications Of Fluticasone–Azelastine 

Common side effects may include:

  • nosebleed;
  • nasal problems;
  • sleepiness or drowsiness;
  • sinus pain;
  • altered sense of taste;
  • slow wound healing;
  • headaches;
  • a fungal infection in your nose and throat;
  • a sore throat;
  • a cough.

Rare side effects may include:

Before using this medication, tell your healthcare specialist if you:

  • have seen halos around lights;
  • have eye pain;
  • have blurred vision;
  • have any other medical conditions;
  • have had recent nasal surgery, nasal sores, or nasal injury;
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed;
  • have any other symptoms which you do not understand;
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant;
  • have been near someone who has measles or chickenpox;
  • have any untreated fungal, viral, bacterial infections;
  • have tuberculosis;
  • have cataracts or glaucoma.

Nasonex

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Image credit – https://www.flickr.com/photos/gonmi/7262408420

It is the brand name of a nasal spray that contains mometasone furoate, a drug which is part of the corticosteroid family. It works by reducing inflammation and swelling in the nasal passages.

Uses

This prescription medication is typically used to treat or prevent nasal allergy symptoms, including – stuffy, runny, itchy nose and sneezing related to seasonal or all year allergies. Also, it may be used to treat growths in the nose known as nasal polyps.

Dosage

To treat allergies, the usual recommended dose for adults and children aged 12 years and older is 2 sprays in each nostril once per day. If you feel that this nasal corticosteroid helps get your symptoms under control, you can reduce this to a single spray into each nostril once per day.

This medicine is approved for use in adults and children who are at least 2 years old but only with a healthcare professional’s approval. Before it can be used or if not used for more than 14 days, it needs to be primed 10 times.

Side Effects And Contraindications Of Mometasone Furoate

Common side effects may include:

  • stuffy nose;
  • headaches;
  • nausea;
  • a sore throat;
  • nosebleeds;
  • white patches inside or around your nose;
  • blood-tinged mucus;
  • nose dryness or irritation;
  • muscle or joint pain;
  • a cough.

Rare side effects may include:

  • vision problems;
  • fever;
  • sores in the nose that won’t heal;
  • body aches;
  • problems breathing;
  • ongoing nose bleed.

Dymista vs Nasonex – Which Is Better?

Dymista contains two separate medications – azelastine and fluticasone. Fluticasone is a corticosteroid which can have many different effects in the human body, including potent anti-inflammatory effects. Azelastine is an H1 antagonist. This type of drug works by blocking the effects of histamine throughout the human body and helps to reduce the release of histamine.

Nasonex contains the active ingredient mometasone furoate, a type of medicine known as a corticosteroid. When it is sprayed into the nose, this medicine can help to relieve irritation and swelling of the nose, itching, sneezing, and a runny nose.

Both these nasal sprays have similar effects in the body but contain different medications, although they are from the same family of medicines.

Because these nasal sprays are used directly where the inflammation is happening, they have fewer side effects than oral steroids do. In term of effectiveness, both have similar results, hence, it is better to let your doctor decide which is best for you.

Natural Remedies for Seasonal Allergies

#1 Eucalyptus OilEucalyptus

It is produced from fresh leaves of the tall, evergreen eucalyptus tree (botanical name – Eucalyptus Globulus).

It is known to be especially beneficial for the respiratory system and it has potent anti-inflammatory properties. Its health benefits are thought to come from a chemical now known as cineole.

#2 PeppermintPeppermint

It contains luteolin-7-O-rutinoside, a type of flavonoid that can help inhibit the secretion and activity of anti-inflammatory enzymes, which, ultimately, notably reduce the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

#3 Turmeric

This remarkable spice is a common spice in Indian cuisine. It contains a compound called curcumin that acts as a decongestant, helps reduce allergy symptoms and wards off colds.

Its absorption is greatly increased by consuming it alongside black pepper.

#4 Stinging NettleStinging Nettle

According to studies, stinging nettle may inhibit the release of histamine, a neurotransmitter which causes the symptoms of hay fever.

#5 Physical Exerciseexercise

Moderate-intensity exercise considerably improved the symptoms of allergic rhinitis in people who were asked to participate in a running exercise, according to a 2011 study.

#6 Garlic

It has natural antibiotic properties which ward off infections and allergies. It is best to consume it raw and at least three times per week.

#7 Omega 3flax

Increase your intake of foods rich in omega 3 essential fatty acids since a deficiency of these special fatty acids increases the risk of allergies.

Good sources of omega 3 include – flax seeds (the best source), walnuts, chia seeds, soybeans, spinach, broccoli, red kidney beans, navy beans, pinto beans, almonds, and cabbage.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9236500
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8874661
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4946862/
https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20120304005071/en/MEDA-Positive-results

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