Hay fever is an allergic disorder which is described by an excessive immune response to pollen grains and other substances.
Common symptoms may include – fatigue, nasal congestion, runny nose, postnasal drip, allergic conjunctivitis, blue-colored skin under the eyes, cough, and sneezing.
In the present day, there is no cure for hay fever, however, the majority of people are able to relieve symptoms with treatment. Here are two popular medicines:
It is a nasal spray containing budesonide, a corticosteroid. Corticosteroids are hormones produced by the adrenal glands (endocrine glands which produce aldosterone, adrenaline, and cortisol) which have various functions inside the human body, including control of inflammatory responses.
Therefore, it relieves symptoms, like – runny nose, congestion, nasal itching, and sneezing.
It is typically used to treat non-allergic and allergic perennial rhinitis, seasonal allergic rhinitis, and vasomotor rhinitis, which have not responded to usual allopathic therapies. Moreover, it is used to treat some inflammatory bowel diseases – intestinal disorders which cause prolonged inflammation of the digestive tract.
To treat allergic rhinitis, the usual recommended starting dose for adults is 2 sprays in each nostril. Once the symptoms are under control, the treatment can be reduced to 1 spray in each nostril in the morning.
Side Effects And Precautions Of Budesonide
Common side effects may include:
- white patches around or inside the nose;
- irritation in the throat;
- irritation in the nose;
- a cough;
- a sore throat.
Rare side effects may include:
- flu symptoms;
- vision problems;
- ongoing nose bleed;
- body aches;
- sores in the nose which won’t heal;
- trouble breathing;
It is recommended to tell your healthcare professional if you have:
- measles, chicken pox, or tuberculosis;
- liver disease;
- a herpes infection of the eye;
- any type of infection;
- asthma (sudden episodes of shortness of breath, wheezing, and problems breathing);
- glaucoma (an eye condition);
- cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye);
- sores in the nose;
- surgery on the nose.
It may interact with the following drugs:
- hydrochlorothiazide (a diuretic medication that is used to treat high blood pressure);
- Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine);
- Cymbalta (duloxetine);
- albuterol ( a medication which opens up the large and medium airways in the lungs);
- Advair Diskus.
It belongs to the class of medications called corticosteroids which work by preventing the release of certain chemicals from the cells, therefore, decreasing irritation and swelling in the airways to allow for a much easier breathing.
This drug is used to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial rhinitis. Furthermore, it can relieve the itching and inflammation caused by numerous skin conditions. More importantly, this medicine is also found as a prescription medication that can be used to prevent symptoms of asthma.
The usual dose of this nasal spray is 1 to two sprays in each nostril once or twice a day. The dose may change once the symptoms improve. Nevertheless, it is recommended to follow all dosing instructions carefully.
Note – it may take up to three doses of this nasal spray before the symptoms significantly improve. Tell your healthcare professional if the symptoms do not improve after 7 days of taking this medication.
- an unpleasant taste in the mouth;
- a stinging sensation in the nose;
- dryness in the nose;
- perforation of the nasal septum;
- an irritated throat;
- swelling and redness in the nose;
- raised pressure in the eye;
- an unpleasant smell.
Before you start using this medication, it is essential that your healthcare specialist knows:
- if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any type of drugs;
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding a baby;
- if you are using any other drugs. This includes any medications you are using that are available to buy with or without a prescription, plus, complementary and herbal medicines.
- if you have ever had pulmonary tuberculosis (a contagious, infectious condition which attacks the lungs);
- if you have an infection in the mouth or eyes.
Some people can experience an allergic reaction, with symptoms including:
- swelling of the tongue, mouth, face, lips, or throat;
- unusual hoarseness;
- red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin;
- trouble breathing;
- tightness in the chest or throat.
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, contact your doctor before using this medication since there are no studies regarding its safe use by pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Rhinocort vs Flonase – Which Is Better For Hay Fever?
Rhinocort is a steroid nasal spray which works when used regularly for nasal allergy symptoms. On the other hand, Flonase is an excellent treatment for allergies of the nose, however, long-term use can increase notably the risk of side effects.
Natural Remedies For Hay Fever
It is a pungent and peppery root vegetable that acts as a decongestant. Horseradish helps in clearing the nasal passages, hence, it is very effective for treating the symptoms of hay fever.
Moreover, this root vegetable is effective in the fight against cancer due to its content of glucosinolate, the active compounds which are also responsible for their spicy flavor.
Commonly used in Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine, turmeric contains curcumin, a natural phytochemical with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties which are comparable to nonsteroidal and steroidal medicines.
Note – to improve the absorption of curcumin in the blood, it is recommended to consume black pepper with turmeric, because black pepper contains piperine, a substance which boosts the absorption of curcumin by about 2000 percent.
It has many health benefits for the human health. For instance, garlic has been widely acknowledged by the scientific community as both a preventative agent and treatment for a variety of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases.
Nevertheless, it is rather uncommon knowledge to know that garlic could also help alleviate hay fever symptoms. This happens because garlic acts as a potent decongestant.
When you are well hydrated, the mucous membranes of the nose remain moist to expel allergens much faster.
Green tea can help block the production of histamine and build up the immune system, while chamomile tea is known to help with your hay fever symptoms.
Vitamin C is a natural antihistamine, which actually means that it can be beneficial for providing relief from allergy symptoms. Therefore, ensuring you get your daily intake of vitamin C could be an easy way to relieve your hay fever symptoms. Foods rich in vitamin C include – lemons, limes, blueberries, blackberries, cranberries, broccoli, red cabbage, cauliflower, radishes, turnips, cherries, onions, or red kidney beans.