Endometrial hyperplasia occurs when the endometrium (the inner epithelial layer of the mammalian uterus) becomes too thick. The condition itself is not cancerous, however, it occasionally can lead to uterine cancer.
Possible causes for this condition may include:
- long-term unopposed estrogen (the primary female sex hormone) production which leads to overgrowth of the uterine lining;
- irregular menstrual cycles;
- unopposed estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women;
- an overproduction of estrogen, especially in young women.
Common symptoms may include:
- abnormal bleeding from the uterus;
- increased heart rate;
- excessive fatigue;
- menstrual cycles which are shorter than 21 days;
- increased growth of body hair;
- severe mood swings;
- missing of menstrual periods;
- hot flushes/flashes;
- pain during intercourse;
- menstrual bleeding which is longer lasting than usual.
This condition is more common if:
- you have diabetes;
- you are overweight or obese;
- you take a medicine for breast cancer, called tamoxifen;
- you have granulosa cell tumor, an unusual type of tumor of the ovary;
- you have polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age;
- you have not had children;
- you take certain types of hormone replacement therapy.
Prevention can include maintaining a healthy weight and careful management of hormone therapy.
Here is a list of top home remedies and natural treatments for endometrial hyperplasia:
#1 Vitamin D
It affects your pituitary gland (a tiny organ found at the base of the brain) that releases many hormones. Vitamin D also helps in problems associated with reduced levels of estrogen and can help prevent bone loss which can happen as a result of low estrogen levels. Moreover, it can complement estrogen therapy in menopausal women.
A deficiency in vitamin D may lead to low energy, body and joint pains, thyroid problems, and depression.
Note – you can’t get a sufficient quantity of this vitamin which your body requires from the diet. The best ways to get vitamin D are by exposing your bare skin to sunlight (this is why this vitamin is also called the ”sunshine vitamin”) and by taking a supplement.
#2 Holy Basil
Holy basil (botanical name – Ocimum tenuiflorum) is a fantastic medicinal herb to balance the hormones because it can work as a natural adaptogen (a plant that considerably improves the human body’s capacity to adapt to stress).
This herb also helps to reduce and stabilize levels of cortisol, a steroid hormone that regulates the immune response and metabolism. Cortisol is also a stress hormone that blocks estrogen, plus, high levels of this hormone affect the pancreas, thyroid gland, and ovaries.
#3 Physical Exercise
Engaging in any type of physical activity is a simple method to balance your hormones as physical exercise affects hormone production. Also, it lowers cortisol levels.
In addition to regulating hormone levels, regular physical exercise combats stress, helps strengthen the immune system, improves the overall quality of life, and increases energy. It is important to get half an hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day.
For individuals who are unable to perform a vigorous exercise, regular walking may balance hormone levels, and potentially may be improving the quality of life and strength.
#4 Sandalwood Essential Oil
The powerful fragrance of sandalwood essential oil triggers peaceful feelings and results in the overall reduction of emotional stress which, over time, can lead to hormone imbalances.
Moreover, this essential oil has been shown to help balance out testosterone (the main male sex hormone which regulates muscle mass, fertility, red blood cell production, and fat distribution) levels. This doesn’t mean that using sandalwood essential oil will boost your testosterone levels if you are a woman, however, it does have a balancing effect which can be great if your hormones are off.
#5 Maca Root
It is also known as Peruvian Ginseng (the root of the plant, that resembles a turnip), used by the people of the Andes for sexual dysfunction, sleep disruptions (insomnia), hot flashes, infertility, and night sweats associated with menopause.
Maca root is an endocrine adaptogen. This means that it does not contain any hormones, however, it contains the natural plant compounds required to support normal hormone production.
It has been used for centuries as a form of natural hormone replacement therapy for menopausal women because it contains phytoestrogens, compounds that resemble the human estrogens, however, they are completely different in terms of their actions and functions.
Actually, experts believe that phytoestrogens protect vital organs from the negative effects of progesterone and estrogens.
To use it, you can put 1 tsp of fenugreek seeds in a cup of hot water for approximately twenty minutes. You can drink this tea three times per day.
This essential mineral is involved in a variety of functions within the body. Magnesium is also required to treat all hormonal imbalance issues – including PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), PMS (premenstrual dysphoric disorder), perimenopause (part of a woman’s transition into menopause), thyroid conditions, adrenal fatigue, and anxiety.
Magnesium will make sure you get restful sleep through the night. In addition, this mineral prevents the chronic urination. Also, it helps in the production of the thyroid hormone, hence, preventing thyroid disease.
The best source of magnesium is from magnesium-rich foods, including – tamarinds, soybeans, navy beans, red kidney beans, spinach, kale, chickpeas, lentils, figs, prunes, or artichokes.
This plant can be extremely effective at balancing your hormones. Ashwagandha also stimulates blood flow to the woman’s reproductive organs to increase sensitivity and arousal, making it a good choice for women who wish to regain their sexual satisfaction and drive.
Ashwagandha improves thyroid function since it boosts the scavenging of free radicals which cause cellular damage. Also, it helps to increase the production of androgens (they have an important role in the hormonal cascade which kick-starts puberty), dehydroepiandrosterone, and testosterone.
Skimping on sleep can have a negative impact on hormones and can create the hormone levels of a pre-diabetic. Aim for 8 hours of quality, uninterrupted sleep per night.
#10 Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 essential fatty acids play a crucial role in producing hormones, therefore, they are highly beneficial in balancing them.
Healthy foods rich in omega 3 include – flax seeds, chia seeds, red kidney beans, walnuts, almonds, broccoli, and navy beans.
Image credit – Shutterstock
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References https://dceg.cancer.gov/research/cancer-types/endometrium-uterus/ https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/23/2/232/2632344 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3889273/