It is a deciduous tree found on the sunny and calcareous coasts. It is spread from the Balkan Peninsula, Asia Minor, the Caucasus to the Himalayas.
It is the largest species of hazel, its fruits are more rounded than the hazelnuts of Corylus avellana. Its appearance is fancy-looking so that the tree has a special landscape effect.
The fruit matures in September and is edible, with a taste which is very similar to common hazels.
Wild hazel has a moderate resistance to frost, which is why planting in sheltered places is a must.
It enjoys both a sunny climate and humid soil. It is a species that can be clipped in late winter or spring (March). By clipping it, the crown shape is corrected. It has a medium to rapid growth rate, but it yields late.
The leaves and fruit have the same composition as the hazel (Corylus avellana).
Health benefits and uses of Turkish Hazel (Corylus Colurna)
The fruits are very tasty and bigger than the ones of the regular hazel, however, they share similar health benefits. In addition, Corylus column is commonly cultivated as an ornamental tree in North America and Europe.
The same uses as the hazel.