White Alder (Alnus Incana) – Health Benefits, Facts, Uses

White Alder (Alnus Incana) – Health Benefits, Facts, Uses:

It is a tree native to Europe, part of the family Betulaceae.  The seeds are small, 0.04–0.08 in (1–2 mm) long, and light brown with a narrow encircling wing. 

It expands on a vast area, in Europe exceeding the northern border of the black alder, and going beyond the polar circle.

It can also be found growing in Eastern Asia and North America.

It covers colder regions – altitudinal and latitudinal – than the black alder. Its life span is a maximum of 60 to 100 years.

The species is adapted to the cold and harsh climates with the short growing season, withstanding freeze and frost. They are fast-growing trees that typically grow about 3 feet a year until 20 years of age. 

Health benefits and uses of White Alder (Alnus Incana)

It is used in phytotherapeutic purposes, for its bark, buds, and leaves.

The Zuni people (Native American Pueblo peoples) use the bark of this tree to dye deerskin reddish brown.

Storage conditions

Drying and storage should be done in shady and airy attics, in paper or cloth bags.

Chemical composition

See black alder.


It is a bitter tonic, antiseptic, disinfectant, sudorific, astringent, antidiarrheal, healing, and hemostatic.


See black alder.

Interesting Facts

It is a small- to medium-sized tree 49–66 feet (15–20 meters) tall with smooth grey bark – even in old age.

The wood resembles that of the black alder, however, it is somewhat paler and of little economic value. The flowers are produced in catkins. The oval leaves are 2 to 4 inches long and alternately arranged.


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