10 Famous People With Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Alec Cabacungan & Quentin Kenihan)

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), also referred to as brittle bone disease, is a genetic bone disorder that is described by fragile bones which break easily. Other signs which may occur are – hearing impairment, short stature, loose joints, skeletal deformities, or fragile teeth.

It is the most frequent single gene defect causing bone disease.

Statistics

An estimated 50,000 people in the US have the disease. Worldwide, it affects 6 to 7 per 100,000 people. An increased rate has been observed in the southern half of Zimbabwe.

Symptoms

There are 8 different types of osteogenesis imperfecta. Each type has different symptoms, but common symptoms include:

  • heart defects;
  • bone deformities;
  • respiratory problems;
  • multiple broken bones;
  • early hearing loss;
  • scoliosis;
  • kyphosis (an excessive outward curve of the spine);
  • bowed legs and arms;
  • blue sclera (a bluish coloration of the whites of the eyes);
  • weak teeth;
  • loose joints.

In more severe forms of OI, there may be – poor muscle development in the legs and arms and a barrel-shaped chest.

Causes

It is caused by a defect in the gene which produces type 1 collagen, the most common protein in the skin and bones which provides strength and structure to the body. In addition, this protein is essential in forming teeth, ligaments, and the white outer tissue of the eyeballs.

About 10 to 15% of patients with the brittle bone disease are the result of a recessive mutation. Types V and VI do not have a collagen variation, however, the genes causing them are not identified.

Complications

Heart problems, like – incorrectly working arteries and valves, occasionally occur in individuals with the brittle bone disease.

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Treatment

Treatment usually involves help with independent living and supportive therapy to decrease disabilities and the number of fractures.

To slow down bone resorption, bisphosphonates (a group of medicines) may be given to a patient either intravenously or by mouth.

Physical exercise is beneficial in increasing weight-bearing capacity, strengthening muscles, and reducing the tendency to fracture.

Rodding, a type of surgery that involves internal splinting of the long bones by the insertion of a metal rod, is used to help people with OI.

Here Are 10 Famous People With Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Brittle Bone Disease):

#1 Atticus Shaffer

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AtticusShafferHWOFMay2012.jpg

He is an American actor who is best known for voicing Edgar in the film ”Frankenweenie” (2012), as well as for portraying Brick Heck on the sitcom ”The Middle.” He also appeared in Hancock (2008).

Atticus has type IV OI.

#2 Nabil Shaban

He is a Jordanian-British writer and actor who founded ”The Graeae” – a theatre group that promotes artists with disabilities.

At the age of 3, Nabil Shaban arrived in the United Kingdom for treatment for his brittle bone disease. Nabil was to spend the next 6 years in hospital and a further 7 in a children’s home.

In 2003, Nabil Shaban made a TV documentary titled ”The Strangest Viking,” in which he explored the possibility that Ivar the Boneless, a Viking chieftain, may have had OI.

#3 Alec Cabacungan

He is an actor who has captured hearts across the United States with his famous commercials. He also appeared in Christine (2016) and was the face of Shriners Hospitals for Children.

Alec suffers from OI and has broken more than 60 bones during his lifetime.

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#4 Randy Guss

He is an American drummer and musician who is best known as the drummer for the band ”Toad the Wet Sprocket.” He was also diagnosed with the disease.

#5 Michael J. Anderson

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Michael_J_Anderson_2.jpg

He is an American actor who is best known for his role in David Lynch’s television series Twin Peaks.

During the ’90s, Anderson made television guest-star appearances on Picket Fences, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, and The X-Files.

Due to brittle bone disease, Michael J. Anderson grew up in a wheelchair.

#6 Melanie Watson Bernhardt

She was born on July 20, 1968, in Dana Point, USA and is an actress who is best known for ”Diff’rent Strokes” (1978).

Melanie Watson Bernhardt is also the founder of ”Train Rite,” an organization which trains shelter dogs to serve the disabled.

#7 Quentin Kenihan

He is an Australian movie producer, scriptwriter, director, actor who at the age of seven had become famous because of the Mike Willesee documentary called ”QUENTIN.”

For the 2000 Sydney Paralympic Games, Quentin Kenihan carried the Paralympic torch down Oxford St in Sydney.

Moreover, he appeared in Mad Max: Fury Road (2015). Also, Kenihan recently released his autobiography entitled – ”Not All Superheroes Wear Capes.”

In an interview, Quentin Kenihan said – “I was born with eight broken bones and then they quickly worked out something was wrong.”

#8 Gaelynn Lea

She is an American folk violinist, singer, public speaker and disability advocate from Minnesota who won NPR’s 2016 Tiny Desk Contest.

Due to her disease, Gaelynn developed a unique technique for violin that involves holding the bow “like a baseball bat.”

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#9 Kerry Ingram

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kerry_Ingram.jpg

She was born on May 26, 1999, in Slough, Berkshire, England and is best known for her role as Matilda Wormwood in Matilda the Musical and Shireen Baratheon in the ”Game of Thrones” series.

Kerry also played a small role in Tom Hooper’s film adaptation of ”Les Miserables.”

She suffers from OI and she goes into the hospital every 4 months to have periodic infusions.

#10 Michel Petrucciani

Image credit – https://www.flickr.com/photos/wolfgangkuhnle/8155291538

He was a French jazz pianist who, despite having arms which caused him pain, became one of the most accomplished jazz pianists of his generation.

References

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/osteogenesis-imperfecta
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02526881
https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/osteogenesisimp/researchinfo/activities

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