Bulgur versus Quinoa – Nutrition Facts, Health Benefits, Side Effects

Bulgur

It is a staple of Middle Eastern cuisine, commonly used to make pilafs and tabbouleh. To make this food, whole-wheat kernels are simmered and then baked.

Furthermore, it is an amazing great replacement for white rice since it has more nutrients and dietary fiber as well as it is a low glycemic index food. Due to the fact that it remains high in minerals and protein, it is an ideal foundation for many meals and a substitute for higher protein sources, like legumes or meat.

Nutrition Facts

It is an excellent source of protein, dietary fiber, iron, thiamin, vitamin B-6, niacin, vitamin K, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, manganese, calcium, phosphorus, and selenium.

Health Benefits

Enhances Sports Performance

It is a good source of the essential mineral – magnesium, which works as a co-factor for more than 300 enzymes, some of which are involved in the human body’s mechanism of insulin production and the use of fats.

In addition, magnesium helps move sugar into the muscles during physical exercise as well as it helps to prevent lactic acid building up. Signs and symptoms of deficiency of this mineral include – cardiovascular disease, muscle spasms, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, headaches migraines, and osteoporosis.

Iron Anemia Prevention

It is a source of iron, that is an essential mineral involved in making red blood cells and the synthesis of protein, certain hormones, and neurotransmitters. Also, it prevents iron anemia, the main dietary deficiency worldwide.

The following are also possible signs and symptoms of this type of anemia – the need of eating non-nutritive substances, like – clay, dirt, and ice (a condition known as pica), decreased immune function, always feeling cold, irritability or moodiness, poor concentration, fatigue, sleepiness, or a decreased physical performance.

Heart Health

Men and women who consumed large quantities of betaine, a metabolic present in this food, have lower concentrations of homocysteine, a non-protein α-amino acid, that has been related to heart disease, type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and osteoporosis, according to a recent study.

More importantly, individuals who regularly consume this food, have a far lower risk of developing hypertension, as per a study which was done by scientists at the American Heart Association.

Prevents Constipation

The high dietary fiber content of this foods will help food move swiftly through the human body, that will prevent constipation and avoid developing piles. Also, the insoluble fiber it contains promotes faster elimination of waste, that also prevents the formation of an environment which promotes the development of carcinogens.

Side Effects

There are no side effects consuming this food, except for people with gluten intolerance.

Quinoaeat

It is the edible seed of the plant that belongs to the genus Chenopodium in the family Amaranthaceae. Grown in Chile, Peru, and Bolivia for millennia, it formed the staple diet of the Incas and their descendants. It was known to the Incas as “the mother of all grains” because it was first cultivated over 5,000 years ago.

In addition, it is known as an “ancient grain” and it is technically not a cereal grain or grain, but a seed referred as a pseudo-grain.

Nutrition Facts

It is high in protein, gluten-free, and one of the few plant foods which contains all nine essential amino acids. Compared to brown and white rice, it has more protein and fewer carbs. It is also a good source of phosphorus, manganese, copper, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, zinc, potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin E, and selenium.

Health Benefits

Reduces LDL CHolesterol

Dietary fiber may help you to lose weight due to the fact it takes a longer time to chew than does other foods, plus, it increases satiety and is less energy dense. Moreover, fiber reduces LDL and total cholesterol as well as glucose levels, which makes it ideal for patients with type 2 diabetes.

Bone Health

The amount of calcium found in this pseudo-grain is similar to that of dairy products, however, it has been pointed out that people who are intolerant of dairy products (more than fifty percent of people worldwide) can eat it.

Calcium is also involved in the maintenance and growth of bones. According to research, calcium, along with vitamin D (also known as the sunshine vitamin), may have benefits beyond bone health, maybe even protecting against type 2 diabetes mellitus, cancer, and hypertension.

Antioxidant Properties

Free radicals steal electrons from other molecules (proteins, fats, cell membranes, and even from the deoxyribonucleic acid), altering the main structure of the affected molecule. This pseudo-grain is very high in antioxidants, substances which neutralize free radical damage.

Skin & Hair

Vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is part of the family of B vitamins and is helping the human body with a variety of functions, particularly in maintaining proper collagen levels, a protein that makes up healthy hair and skin.

Side Effects

There are no known side effects.

Bulgur versus Quinoa – Which is Healthier?

Both these foods are healthy and nutritious, however, quinoa has a better nutritional profile, especially due to its magnesium, phosphorus, folate, thiamin, and zinc content.

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