A bunion, or hallux valgus, is a painful lump which can develop of the joint and surrounding soft tissues at the base of the big toe, and affects how you walk. Bunions are more common in women than in men.

A bunion at the base of the smallest toe is referred to as a bunionette or tailor’s bunion. Some studies have found that almost fifty percent of the adult population has some form of a bunion.

Symptoms

Symptoms of bunions include:

  • calluses where the toes rub together;
  • pain in the joint of the big toe, that gets worse while wearing tight-fitting shoes;
  • burning feeling;
  • numbness of the big toe;
  • inflamed skin along the outside edge of the big toe;
  • trouble walking normally.

Causes

A bunion occurs when your first toe bone pushes inward too much onto the 2nd toe bone, disrupting the alignment of the 1st metatarsal bone.

Risk Factors

Situations or conditions which contribute to bunion development include:

  • certain neuromuscular disorders, like – Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease and cerebral palsy;
  • low arches, flat feet, and loose tendons and joints;
  • foot injuries;
  • wearing shoes which crowd the toes;
  • excessive pronation of the ankles;
  • certain connective tissue disorders, like – Ehlers–Danlos syndromeMarfan syndrome, and Down syndrome;
  • psoriatic arthritis;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • gout.

Diagnosis

Your healthcare provider will evaluate your signs and symptoms and examine the affected foot for tissue swelling, joint enlargement, and/or tenderness.

Treatment

Bunions are typically managed with cold applications, rest, orthotics, cushioning pads, and anti-inflammatory drugs like – ibuprofen. However, if you have a bunion or a bunionette, one of the most important things you can do is to wear the right footwear.

If your bunion is painful or affecting your life in other ways, surgery is an option. During surgery, the surgeon will remove the bone or tissue in the area of the bunion and attempt to straighten the big toe.

The insertion of pins and screws may be needed to stabilize the bones in their new, realigned position. After surgery, symptoms are improved in about 85 percent of cases, but bunions can sometimes return.

Prognosis

Because bunions and bunionettes are progressive, they do not go away and will commonly get worse over time.

Prevention

Bunions are rare in populations which don’t wear shoes. Therefore, the best method to reduce your chances of developing bunions and bunionettes is to wear shoes which fit correctly.

Doctors recommend shoes to have one-half inch of space between the tip of the shoe and the toes. Individuals prone to flat-footedness should consider the use of arch supports.

Here Is A List Of 10 Celebrities With Bunions On Their Feet:

#1 Amal Clooney

Image source – https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amal_Alamuddin_Cannes_2016.jpg

She is a Lebanese-British barrister at Doughty Street Chambers who is specialized in human rights and international law. She is married to the American actor George Clooney.

Some of her clients include an Egyptian-Canadian journalist – Mohamed Fahmy, the former prime minister of Ukraine – Yulia Tymoshenko, and Julian Assange – the founder of WikiLeaks.

Amal Clooney got bunions thanks to her love of high heels.

#2 Iman Bowie

Image credit – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iman_(model)

She is a Somali-American actress, fashion model, and entrepreneur. Iman is the widow of English rock musician David Bowie, whom she married in 1992. She is noted for her philanthropic work, plus, she is a pioneer in the ethnic-cosmetics market.

Iman Bowie also sufferers from bunions. In 2014, Iman Bowie had gone through rehabilitation to her feet after undergoing a recent foot surgery due to a fractured foot, an injury that caused her to quit wearing high heels.

#3 Kate Middleton

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kate_Middleton_at_the_Garter_Procession_2008.jpg

She is a member of the British royal family. Her husband, Prince William, is expected to become king of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.

Kate Middleton is affected by bunions due to the fact that she commonly wears high heels.

In 2016, during a 7-day official visit to Bhutan and India with Prince William, she slipped off her shoes during a visit to the Gandhi Smriti museum – most likely due to pain caused by bunions.

#4 Paris Hilton

Image credit – https://www.flickr.com/photos/evarinaldiphotography/6883784704

Born in New York on February 17, 1981, Paris Hilton is the great grand-daughter of legendary hotelier Conrad Hilton.

As she left the Miss Turkey 2008 beauty contest in Istanbul, Paris Hilton revealed a huge bunion on her foot.

#5 Naomi Campbell

Image credit – https://sco.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Diane_von_F%C3%BCrstenberg_Spring-Summer_2014_07.jpg

She is an English actress, model, and singer who established herself amongst the most in-demand and recognizable models of the late 1980s and the 1990s.

Due to wearing high heels and narrow-toed shoes during her supermodel years, Naomi Campbell has bunions.

#6 Meghan Markle

Image credit – https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Meghan_Markle_in_January_2013.jpg

She is an American-born member of the British royal family and a former film and television actress. Her engagement to Prince Harry was announced on November 27, 2017, and lead to positive comments about the possible social significance of a mixed-race member of the royal family.

The marriage ceremony was held on May 19, 2018, at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. Meghan Markle’s bunions are also caused by high heels overuse.

#7 Uma Thurman

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Uma_Thurman_01.jpg

She is an American actress and model who has performed in numerous films, including:

  • Pulp Fiction (1994), for which she was nominated for the BAFTA Award, the Academy Award, and the Golden Globe Award;
  • Kill Bill (2003);
  • Dangerous Liaisons (1988);
  • Chelsea Walls (2001);
  • Les Misérables (1998).

#8 Katie Holmes

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Katie_Holmes,_2009.jpg

She was born on December 18, 1978, in Toledo, Ohio, to Roman Catholic parents Kathleen, a housewife, and Martin, a divorce lawyer.

Katie Holmes first achieved fame because of her role as Joey Potter on television teen drama Dawson’s Creek from 1998 to 2003. She also suffers from bunions.

#9 Oprah Winfrey

She is an American media proprietor, producer, talk show host, actress, and philanthropist who is best known for her talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show, that was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011 in Chicago, Illinois.

#10 Victoria Beckham

Image credit – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Victoria_Beckham_(Headshot).jpg

Known as Posh Spice, Victoria is a former Spice Girl who has released a few top-10 UK singles during her solo career.

Furthermore, Beckham has published two books considered bestsellers – one is a fashion guide and the other is an autobiography of her life.

Many years of wearing six-inch stilettos have taken their painful toll on Victoria – she is actually facing surgery to remove her bunions.

Bonus

Amy Adams

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amy_Adams_(29708985502)_(cropped).jpg

The actress has exposed her foot deformity several times while wearing different pairs of shoes.

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2907787/
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110223092217.htm
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170724172600.htm