Chlorine dioxide is a chemical substance with the molecular formula ClO2. It was discovered in 1814 by Sir Humphrey Davy.
This yellowish-green gas crystallizes as bright orange crystals at −59° C. As one of the several oxides of chlorine, it is an oxidizing agent used in bleaching and in water treatment.
Nowadays over 95 percent of the chlorine dioxide produced in the world is made from sodium chlorate and is used for pulp bleaching. A much smaller, but important, market for ClO2 is its use as a disinfectant.
One of the most important characteristics of this substance is its high water solubility, particularly in cold water. The first commercial application was in 1944, as a biocide/taste and odor control agent in domestic water at Niagara Falls in the USA.
Since 1999, a growing proportion of this compound was made globally for small-scale applications and water treatment has been made using the chlorate, hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid method, which can produce a chlorine-free product at high efficiency.
As a disinfectant, it is effective at low concentrations due to its unique traits. Furthermore, it is used for bleaching of wood pulp.
It is also used in some brands of mouthwash since it is extremely effective in eliminating bad breath.
For instance, according to a 2010 study that was done at the Department of Oral Health Promotion, Japan, rinsing with the mouthwash containing ClO2 for 7 days, morning bad breath decreased substantially.
Side effects of chlorine dioxide
Chlorination of potable water supplies high in organics may yield carcinogenic substances such as trihalomethanes. ClO2 has been proposed as an alternative disinfectant to chlorine.
However, it is a strong oxidant that forms considerable amounts of chlorite when mixed with potable water supplies, and chlorite is similar to nitrite in its molecular structure and may be similar in its mechanism of methemoglobin production.
Chlorites and nitrites are thought to act synergistically to produce MetHb. Neonates and persons with G-6PD (an enzyme, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, which is important for assuring a normal lifespan for red blood cells and for oxidizing processes) deficiency are likely to be unusually susceptible to MetHb formation from these substances because their red cells lack the metabolic machinery to adequately protect against oxidant stress.
Considering that male blacks represent the largest population in the United States to be G-6PD deficient, black male neonates may represent the group at highest risk to the use of this chemical substance as a disinfectant in the nation’s water supplies. (1)
On July 30th, 2010 and on October 1st, 2010, the FDA warned against the use of the product „MMS” or „Miracle Mineral Supplement”.
Miracle Mineral Supplement is a toxic solution of 28 percent sodium chlorite in distilled water.
The product contains essentially the same chemical as industrial-strength bleach before „activation” with a food-grade acid. The name was coined by Jim Humble in his 2006 book – The Miracle Mineral Solution of the 21st Century.
MMS has been marketed as a treatment for a variety of conditions, including cancer, HIV, autism, and acne.
The Food and Drug Administration warnings informed consumers that Miracle Mineral Supplement can cause severe harm to health and stated that it has received many reports of nausea, life-threatening low blood pressure caused by dehydration, severe vomiting, and diarrhea.
Miracle Mineral Supplement is not approved for the treatment of any affliction and, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, chronic exposure to small doses of this toxic compound could cause reproductive and neurodevelopmental damage.
Source – 1