This amino acid differs from threonine by replacement of the hydroxyl group with a methyl substituent. It is usual referred to as one of the amino acids with hydrocarbon side chains, or as a branched chain amino acid. L-Valine was isolated in 1901 by Emil Fischer, using hydrolysis of proteins.
It is an amino acid used by bodybuilders because in association with other two amino acids – isoleucine and leucine – can help increase muscle mass.
Also, it provides extra energy in the body, rebuilds muscle tissue, contributes to the healing process of wounds, helps maintain an appropriate level of nitrogen in the blood, fights against states of nervousness, stress and insomnia, improves physical strength, adjusts the level of nitrogen in the body, improves the body’s metabolism and immune system.
In addition, supplements of leucine, valine and isoleucine help reduce muscle pains. They are used by athletes after hard training or by those who have done strenuous exercise for long periods of time.
If it is insufficient, there is a decrease in the absorption of nutritional principles from all food sources, a misuse of calories, muscle weakness, emotional lability, movement coordination problems, hypertension.
In conclusion, this amino acid is essential for health, but also a good remedy in the treatment of various diseases. It is recommended especially in cases of gallbladder and liver diseases, but also muscular disorders. It also has the ability to correct amino acid deficiency, which occurs in people who use drugs.
Valine food sources
It is an essential amino acid that can not be biosynthesized by the body. It can only be obtained from food and nutritional supplements.
If you don’t follow an intense training, there is no need to consume supplements unless a specialist advises you. Moreover, you should see a specialist if you have kidney problems (a high protein diet may worsen the condition).
The most important sources of this amino acid are: soy, grains, peanuts, mushrooms, nuts, beans, sesame seeds, spirulina, dried parsley, pumpkin seeds, dairy products, fish, eggs, etc.
It should not be consumed in excess, as it can cause even hallucinations in severe cases.