It a berry that comes from a tree belonging to the Moraceae family. It is a dark skin colored delicious fruit that in the present day is widely cultivated in regions like the Middle East, Southern Europe, Indian Subcontinent, and Northern Africa.
The black version has been grown in Europe from before the Roman age and is native to western Asia. The red type is native to the eastern US and the Gulf Coast. Lastly, the white variety (scientific name – Morus alba) is native to central and east China.
Chinese herbal medicine has used this fruit for millennia to treat a variety of conditions, like – type 2 diabetes mellitus, heart disease, arthritis, and anemia.
It is a good source of important nutrients, including – vitamin A, vitamin E, iron, manganese, magnesium, protein, dietary fiber, phosphorus, riboflavin, folate, and potassium. Each cup of raw berries contains about 60 calories, therefore, they fit into calorie-controlled and weight-loss diets.
They have a positive effect on blood circulation as well as they lower your blood pressure, making you less susceptible to strokes, blood clots, according to the 2008 study published in the “American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.”
These berries are an excellent source of resveratrol, a potent antioxidant which helps lessen the damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals may be formed from the environment and through natural human physiological processes.
Free radicals steal electrons from other molecules (like – proteins, fats, cell membranes, and DNA) and alter the fundamental structure of the affected molecule. Also, these fruits contain vitamin E and vitamin C, which protect the human body against the negative effects of free radicals due to their antioxidant properties.
Good For Type 2 Diabetics
The leaves of these berries have fantastic health effects, especially on reducing glycemia levels, hence, they help to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. In addition, according to research, these leaves contain protein (about 22 percent), are caffeine free, and are packed with B-complex vitamins.
Zeaxanthin is a carotenoid mostly found in dark leafy greens, such as – kale, spinach, collard greens, broccoli, and turnip greens.
It is an eye vitamin which protects the eyes against the damaging effects of UV light on the skin. According to studies, the more zeaxanthin you have in your eyes, the fewer chances you have to deal with vision problems.
This fruit has no side effects, however, supplements containing extracts from it have some side effects, like – gas, bloating, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea.
This fruit belongs to the Rubus genus in the Rosaceae family and has been used for its medicinal and nutritional values for more than 2000 years. It was a favorite food of early European settlers and now it grows naturally throughout much of the US.
It has a sweet, tart flavor, making it a perfect addition to fruit smoothies or salads.
It is a good source of riboflavin, folate, niacin, iron, calcium, vitamin C, vitamin K, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, potassium, and vitamin A (in the form of beta-carotene).
Moreover, it is an excellent source of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals, including ellagic acid, quercetin, anthocyanins, tannin, cyanidin, gallic acid, catechins, pelargonidin, salicylic acid, and kaempferol.
More importantly, these fruits are virtually fat-free, low in calories (100 g provide just 43 calories), high in dietary fiber (that prevents constipation, making bowel movement easier to manage) and rich in nutrients, thus, they are an excellent choice for anyone trying to lose or maintain weight in a healthy manner.
Prevents Blood Clots
Just one cup of raw berries provides around 29 mg of vitamin K, which is more than 33 percent of the daily recommended intake.
Vitamin K is essential for proper blood clotting and stopping the hardening of arteries (a condition also referred as arteriosclerosis) by preventing the buildup of LDL cholesterols.
This fruit contains remarkable levels of anthocyanins (about 200 mg/100g) that work as antioxidants that can protect the human body from many types of diseases resulted from oxidative damage. Be aware that these berries are best consumed in their natural state to get the full antioxidant benefits.
Rich In Vitamin C
Just one cup of raw berries has approximately 30.2 mg of vitamin C, which is about fifty percent of the daily recommended intake.
This vitamin is important for preventing cell damage from free radicals, repairing cells, and healing wounds. In addition, vitamin C is responsible for the formation of collagen, the main protein in the connective tissue.
Moreover, the regular consumption of these fruits helps in skin cell renewal and protects the skin against the damaging UV rays.