Gooseberry or Ribes uva-crispa (and syn. Ribes grossularia), from Grossulariaceae family, is a highly branched shrub found in forests and bushes, from mountain regions to subalpine areas. It is sensitive to high heat and excessive cold.
World production is 150 tons / year, of which 90% in Europe. It is spread in Europe, Asia, North Africa, North and Central America.
It has stems up to 1.5m high and gives a production of 3-5 kg per stem. Harvesting is done throughout the summer.
Gooseberry chemical composition
Fruits contain water (88-93%), protide (0.80%), malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid (1.5%), fat (0.65%), sugar (8%), cellulose, vitamin C (26-34 mg%), vitamin A, vitamins B1 and B2, and K, P, Ca, Mg, Na, Zn, Fe, Cu salts. Energy: 48 kcal / 100g, of which 89% is reabsorbed.
Fruits are consumed as such (uncooked) or in the form of compote, jam, juice.
When consumed before meals, these fruits are tonic, and after meals they are stomachic. The fruits are recommended in urinary tract inflammations, gravel, rheumatism, gout, obesity and heart diseases. They produce diuresis with elimination of uric acid and urate. Also, they stimulate liver function.
Tea from this plant is ideal in the diet of people who suffer from diabetes, as it helps normalize blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin secretion. They favor the formation of red blood cells and a cure of these fruits is recommended for strengthening nails and sensitive teeth.
Due to their very rich content of vitamins and minerals, they are recommended in the diets of children, considered to be the summer fruits of the mountains.
They are also recommended for children over 1 year old or after their diet has already been diversified, due to their high content of vitamins. Their introduction in the diet should be done with caution, because of their high content of citric acid and the risk of choking. It is also recommended to consult your pediatrician.
Consumed as such, juice, 10-200 mg / day, in 3-4 stages.
- It’s possible to interact with antibiotics and anticoagulants, therefore it is recommended to avoid eating them if you are taking this type of medication.
- Pregnant women should consume these plants with caution, as they can cause problems in pregnancy.
- It is also contraindicated in case of allergies to these fruits.